Experimental Physics: Mechanics, Acoustics and The

Experimental Physics: Mechanics, Acoustics and The

作者: Klaus Lüders

ISBN: 9783319400440

出版时间: 2017-03-08

出版社: Springer

Klaus Lüders 0 0 0
RobertOttoPohlwasbornin1929inGöttingen,Germany.HestudiedphysicsinGöttingen,FreiburgandErlangen,andreceivedhisdoctoratetherein1957.HewasprofessorofphysicsatCornellUniversityfrom1968,andGoldwinSmithProfessorEmeritusfrom2000.HewasguestprofessorattheRWTHAachen,theTHStuttgartandtheUniversityofCanterburyinNewZealand,amongothers.Hisareaofspecializationissolid-statephysics,particularlylatticevibrationsincrystallineandamorphousmaterials.
WilliamDeanBrewerwasbornin1943inBoise,Idaho,USA.HestudiedchemistryandmathematicsattheUniversityofOregonandreceivedhisPhDinphysicalchemistryfromUCBerkeleyin1970.HeobtainedtheHabilitationattheFUBerlinin1975andwasprofessorofexperimentalphysicstherefrom1977.Hisresearchareasarelow-temperatureandnuclearsolid-statephysics,andmagnetisminthinfilmsandonsurfaces.HehastranslatedoveradozentextbooksandmonographsfromGermantoEnglish.目录A.Mechanics.-Introduction;DistanceandTimeMeasurements.-TheDescriptionofMotion:Kinematics.-FundamentalsofDynamics.-ApplicationsofNewton'sEquation.-Threeusefulconcepts:Work,Energy,andMomentum.-RotationalMotionofRigidBodies.-AcceleratedFramesofReference.-SomePropertiesofSolids.-LiquidsandGasesatRest.-MotionsinLiquidsandGases.-B.VibrationsandWaves.-VibrationsandAcoustics.-TravellingWavesandRadiation.-C.Thermodynamics.-Fundamentals.-FirstLawandtheEquationofStateofIdealGases.-Realgases.-HeatasRandommotion.-Transportprocesses:DiffusionandHeatConduction.-TheStateFunctionentropy,S.-ConvertingHeatintoWork.TheSecondLaw.-Exercise.-SolutionstotheExercises.
作者简介RobertWichardPohl(1884–1976):PohlwasborninHamburg,andstudiedphysicsinHeidelbergandBerlin,wherehecompletedhisdoctoratein1906.HeobtainedtheHabilitationtherein1912(thisisanadvancedresearchdegreeoftenrequiredinGermanyforanacademiccareer).In1916,hereceivedtheofferofaprofessorshipinGöttingenasthesuccessortoE.Riecke,andwasfullprofessoranddirectorofthe1stPhysicsInstitutetherefrom1920untilhisretirementin1952.Hepublishedfundamentalresultsinthenewlydeveloping2ndeditiononalsoincludingthermodynamics;18thedition1983,Englishtranslation1932),and“Optik“in1941(fromthe9theditiononalsoincludingatomicphysics;13thedition1976).Since1980,theGermanPhysicalSocietyhasconferredanannualprizeinhisname,the“Robert-Wichard-PohlPrize“foroutstandingachievementsinteachingandinphysicsdidactics.RobertWichardPohl(1884–1976):PohlwasborninHamburg,andstudiedphysicsinHeidelbergandBerlin,wherehecompletedhisdoctoratein1906.HeobtainedtheHabilitationtherein1912(thisisanadvancedresearchdegreeoftenrequiredinGermanyforanacademiccareer).In1916,hereceivedtheofferofaprofessorshipinGöttingenasthesuccessortoE.Riecke,andwasfullprofessoranddirectorofthe1stPhysicsInstitutetherefrom1920untilhisretirementin1952.Hepublishedfundamentalresultsinthenewlydeveloping2ndeditiononalsoincludingthermodynamics;18thedition1983,Englishtranslation1932),and“Optik“in1941(fromthe9theditiononalsoincludingatomicphysics;13thedition1976).Since1980,theGermanPhysicalSocietyhasconferredanannualprizeinhisname,the“Robert-Wichard-PohlPrize“foroutstandingachievementsinteachingandinphysicsdidactics.KlausLüderswasbornin1936inCologne,Germany.HestudiedphysicsinGöttingen,Munich(LMU),AachenandKarlsruhe,wherehecompletedhisdoctoratein1965.HeobtainedtheHabilitationin1972fromtheFreieUniversitätBerlin,andwasprofessorofexperimentalphysicsattheFUBerlinfrom1972.HespentresearchstaysamongothersatKyushuUniversityinFukuoka,JapanandattheUniversityofBasel,Switzerland.Hisareasofspecializationincludesolid-stateandlow-temperaturephysics,superconductivityandsuperfluidhelium.

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